OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

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Transport and Transfer Spills

Transporting and Transferring

Transport and transfer spills

Contamination Evidence
  • Spills
Causes
  • Accidents.
  • Inadequate maintenance.
  • Lack of proper training.
  • Inadequate provisions for spill containment.
Prevention
  • Proper design, installation, and maintenance of transfer facilities.
  • Adequate spill containment and cleanup procedures.
  • Compliance with permit requirements.
  • Training programs.

Pipelines

Pipelines

Contamination Evidence:
  • Odors in basement or well water.
  • Pipeline flow losses.
  • Detection of pipeline leaks through inspections.
  • Detection of excessive bacteria or chemicals in well water tests.
Causes:
  • Corrosion.
  • Defective wells.
  • Vibrations from heavy vehicles.
  • Displacement by tree roots.
  • Poor installment.
  • Poor maintenance and inspection.
Prevention:
  • Proper installment.
  • Regular inspection and maintenance.